Diagramming Solutions for PrepTest 71

Utilizing methods taught in The LSAT Trainer.

Game 1

Step  1

Per the given scenario, we can write out the six elements to be placed - F, G, H, J, K, and L - and lay out the six positions to be filled, in order.

Step 2

Per the first rule, we can notate that F must be before both J and L.

Step 3

Per the second rule, we can notate that J must be after K and before H. We can connect this to our notation for the first rule.

Step 4

Per the third rule, we can notate that L must come before G. We can connect this to our notation for the first two rules.

Game 2

Step 1

Per the given scenario, we can write out the seven elements to be placed - F, G, H, I, K, L, and M - and lay out the four officers they can be assigned to - R, S, T, and U, with the understanding that each officer will evaluate one or more applications.

Step 2

Per the first rule, we can assign G to U.

Step 3

Per the second rule, we can notate that F and L must be together.

Step 4

Per the third rule, we can notate that H and I can’t go together, and M and I can’t go together.

Step 5

Per the fourth rule, we can notate that K must be alone.

Step 6

Per the fifth rule, we can notate that S must evaluate more applications than T.

Game 3 (Option 1)

Step 1

Per the given scenario, we can write out the six elements to be placed - F, K, N, O, R, and T - and the two subset characteristics - s or not s (s with cross out), and we can lay out the six positions to be filled, in order.

Step 2

Per the first rule, we can notate that we cannot have s’s in consecutive weeks.

Step 3

Per the second rule, we can notate conditionally that if N is not summarized, both R and T will be, as well as the contrapositive.

Step 4

Per the third rule, we can notate that N must go before T, and T must go before O.

Step 5

Per the fourth rule, we can notate that F goes before O, and O before both K and R. We can connect this to our notation for the third rule.

Step 6

Once the ordering rules are connected, we can infer that O must go in the fourth position, with F, N and T in some order before it (with N at some point before T), and K and R (in either order) after it.

Game 3 (Option 2)

Step 1

Per the given scenario, we can write out the six elements to be placed - F, K, N, O, R, and T, and lay out two separate diagrams, one that assigns the six elements to a position in an order, and another that indicates whether elements are summarized are not.

Step 2

Per the first rule, we can notate that we cannot have s’s in consecutive weeks.

Step 3

Per the second rule, we can notate conditionally that if N is not summarized, both R and T will be, as well as the contrapositive.

Step 4

Per the third rule, we can notate that N must go before T, and T must go before O.

Step 5

Per the fourth rule, we can notate that F goes before O, and O before both K and R. We can connect this to our notation for the third rule.

Step 6

Once the ordering rules are connected, we can infer that O must go in the fourth position, with F, N and T in some order before it (with N at some point before T), and K and R (in either order) after it.

Game 4 (Option 1)

Step 1

Per the given scenario, write out the seven elements to be placed - M, P, R, S, T, V, and W - and lay out the seven positions to be filled, in order.

Step 2

Per the first rule, we can notate that T comes before W.

Step 3

Per the second rule, we can notate that there is exactly 1 element that goes after R and before M.

Step 4

Per the third rule, we can notate that P and S must be right next to one another.

Step 5

Per the fourth rule, we can notate that V is either third or fourth.

Game 4 (Option 2)

Step 1

Per the given scenario, write out the seven elements to be placed - M, P, R, S, T, V, and W.

Step 2

Per the fourth rule, first create two frames, one in which V is third (frame 1) and another where V is fourth (frame 2).

Step 3

Per the second rule, split each frame further (into 1A and 1B and 2A and 2B) to represent the different options for placing R _ M within the frames.

Step 4

Considering the third rule, each frame now has very limited options for where the P, S grouping can go. In frame 1A and 1B, it can only go in spots 1 and 2. In frame 2A, the pairing must go in the final three slots, and in frame 2B, the pairing must go in one of the first three slots.

Step 5

Considering the first rule, we now have very limited options for where T and W can go in each frame. In frame 1A, T must go in 5 and W in 7. In frame 1B, T must go in 4 and W in 6. In frame 2A, T must go in 2 and W in one of the final 3 slots. In frame 2B, W must go in 6 and T in one of the first three slots.

More Information About The Trainer
Logic Games Diagrams

These pages offer diagramming suggestions for every game that has appeared in every Logic Games section from PrepTests 52 through 81. Please keep in mind that there are many different ways to effectively diagram Logic Games, and it’s often a very subjective decision as to which inferences to notate, when to split diagrams, and so on.

One significant advantage of the Trainer diagramming methods is that they provide a universal diagramming system that you can use for any game that appears in the section. This is in contrast to most other LSAT learning systems, which separate games out into distinct categories, each with its own, and often conflicting, notational system.

General Suggestions on How to
Diagram Logic Games

1. Always read through the scenario and rules completely, and pause to mentally consider and visualize  the game, before setting pencil to paper.

2. Think of all games in terms of elements to place and positions to place them into. Nearly every game places these positions into an order, into groups, or both.

3. Whenever you find it useful, feel free to deal with the rules in an order that makes it most convenient for you to draw an effective diagram.

4. Always be on the lookout for inferences - things that you can figure out by bringing information, such as rules, together. The purpose of your diagram is to, in fact, help you uncover inferences correctly, and these inferences (more so than the rules as they are given) are what determine right and wrong for the vast majority of problems.

5. Look for opportunities to split up your game board into multiple frames - which are a set of diagrams that collectively represent all of the possibilities of a game. Most commonly, we can create frames around a very limited set of options for how to fill a certain position or positions (“either F or K must be third,” for example) or where to place an element or elements (“K must go first or last,” for example).

6. Whenever you have trouble notating a rule clearly, don’t be afraid to write it out or provide as much detail as you feel necessary. Better to be safe than overly clever.

7. When you are done with your diagram, evaluate your notations carefully and check them back against the scenario and rules as written. Make sure that you understand what your notations mean, and that they represent the given information correctly.

Table of Commonly Used
Notations

Here is a downloadable and printable infographic that includes the symbols and notations that we will most commonly utilize to set up games. Please click to open full screen.

Diagramming LSAT Logic Games Infographic

The LSAT Trainer is available on Amazon and Apple iBooks, and in your local bookstore.